On Tuesday 7 February 1967, known now as Black Tuesday, 110 separate fires ravaged southern Tasmania. Conditions were particularly conducive to fire; an abundance of forest litter, northerly winds of up to 110 kilometres per hour, and extremely hot air. Sixty-two people lost their lives, 900 were injured, and 7,000 left homeless. The fires came within two kilometres of the central business district of Hobart.
The economic impact of Black Tuesday was also significant. The fires destroyed 1,293 homes, burning through 264 270 hectares in the state's south within five hours. Agriculture was affected as thousands of chickens and sheep were killed, among other livestock.
A subsequent Royal Commission found that 110 fires were burning within a 56 kilometre radius of Hobart.
The Insurance Council of Australia estimated the 1967 damage at $14 million, with the 2012 estimated normalised cost of $610 million.