Climate drivers in Australia
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
ENSO influences seasonal variability and rainfall across Australia.
Indian Ocean Dipole
Influences rainfall in central and south-eastern Australia, interacting with ENSO.
Drives the wet season in northern Australia.
Madden Julian Oscillation
A big influence on weather and climate, often unpredictable.
Southern Annular Mode
Influences rainfall for most of southern Australia particularly in winter.